Suriname, with a current (2019) population of 571.003 people, it is one of the least populated countries in the world and it has a low population density, 3 people per km2. In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Suriname, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.72 points in 2017, leaving it in 100th place in the table of 189 countries published. Suriname main exports are bauxite (70 percent of total exports). Others include gold, oil, hardwood, fish and shrimps and bananas. 

Population

Most of the population of Suriname live on the country's north coast, in and around the capital and largest city, Paramaribo.

Because of its colonial history which in plantation labor was first provided by the indigenous population, then by slaves from Africa and later by contract workers from various Asian countries, Suriname has a unique multi-cultural and multi-ethnic population that the country is enriched with a delectable culinary variety and fascinating, colorful traditions.

The Native people of Suriname, Indigenous or Amerindians with there own culture and languages such as Lokono/Arowak, Warau, and Carib.

The largest ethnic group are the Afro-Surinamese which form about 37% of the population and are usually divided into two groups: the Creoles and the Maroons. The ancestors of the Maroons are mostly runaway slaves that fled to the interior, they comprise 21.7% of the population. They are divided into five main groups: Ndyuka (Aucans), Kwinti, Matawai, Saramaccans, and Paramaccans. Surinamese Creoles, are mixed people descending from African slaves and mostly Dutch Europeans, form 15.7% of the population.

The immigrants are Hindustani from India, Javanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Korean, Lebanese, Guyanese and Dutch.

Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975 and to retain their Dutch nationality many Surinamese fled to the Netherlands. Around 300,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. A great deal of them fled just before Suriname became independent because they were afraid of riots. 

Export products 

The goods that Suriname exports are bananas, rice, gold, bauxite (70 percent of total exports), hardwood, fish and shrimps and bananas.  

Bananas are a product that we export. Suriname was also a beneficiary of the EU's special framework of assistance for traditional ACP suppliers of bananas, a multi-faceted scheme put in place to assist economic diversification in those ACP countries for which bananas have traditionally been an economic mainstay. It foresees €13.8 million to boost sustainable agriculture production, economic diversification, and employment generation and improve life and wealth prospects of Surinamese people.

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